Fertility refers to the ability of an individual to conceive and carry a pregnancy to term. In women, fertility is closely tied to the menstrual cycle and ovulation, which is the process of releasing an egg from the ovary. In men, fertility is related to the production and health of sperm.

Factors that can affect fertility include age, health status, genetics, lifestyle factors (such as diet and exercise), and exposure to certain environmental factors (such as toxins or radiation). Certain medical conditions or treatments can also affect fertility, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, or chemotherapy.

When a couple is struggling with infertility, they may seek medical intervention to improve their chances of conceiving. Treatments for infertility can include fertility drugs, assisted reproductive technologies (such as in vitro fertilization), or surgery to correct underlying conditions.

It’s important to note that fertility can be a sensitive and complex issue, and may have significant emotional and psychological impacts on individuals and couples who are struggling to conceive. Support and counseling may be helpful for those who are experiencing difficulties with fertility.