Menopause is a natural biological process that marks the end of a woman’s reproductive years. It is defined as the permanent cessation of menstrual periods, which is typically confirmed after 12 consecutive months without a period. Menopause is a normal part of aging, and it usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55.

During menopause, the ovaries produce less estrogen and progesterone, which are hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle and contribute to the development and maintenance of female reproductive organs. This hormonal shift can cause a range of physical and emotional symptoms, such as hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, vaginal dryness, and sleep disturbances.

While menopause is a natural process, it can sometimes be accompanied by health risks, such as an increased risk of osteoporosis and heart disease. It is important for women to maintain a healthy lifestyle during and after menopause, which can include regular exercise, a balanced diet, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.